A phobia is an excessive and irrational fear reaction. If you have a phobia, you may experience a deep sense of dread or panic when you encounter the source of your fear. The fear can be of a certain place, situation, or object. Unlike general anxiety disorders, a phobia is usually connected to something specific.
The impact of a phobia can range from annoying to severely disabling. People with phobias often realize their fear is irrational, but they’re unable to do anything about it. Such fears can interfere with your work, school, and personal relationships.
Understanding your phobia is the first step to overcoming it. It’s important to know that phobias are common. (Having a phobia doesn’t mean you’re crazy!) It also helps to know that phobias are highly treatable. You can overcome your anxiety and fear, no matter how out of control it feels.
Symptoms of Phobic Disorders
- Anxiety or extreme fear when confronted with a specific object or situation that is out of proportion to the actual threat.
- Rapid heart rate
- High blood pressure
There are four general types of phobias and fears:
- Animal phobias.
- Natural environment phobias.
- Situational phobias (fears triggered by a specific situation).
- Blood-Injection-Injury phobia.